The Cytel blog keeps you up to speed with the latest developments in biostatistics and clinical biometrics.

Ensuring Robust ePRO Implementation: Factors for Success

April 10, 2019

 

 


In this blog, Jonathan Pritchard, Director Business Development at Cytel, draws on his experience in commercial, clinical and technology roles within the biopharmaceutical industry and shares his insights on the primary considerations for sponsors when implementing an ePRO solution.

Read More

Strategic Applications of Pharmacometrics in Clinical Development

March 15, 2019

 

 Quantitative pharmacology encompasses the many strategic advantages of using complex mathematical models to understand biochemical relationships that ultimately improve clinical decision-making. This includes pharmacometric modeling, familiar to those who have used pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) modeling to improve dosage decisions, and the extension of such models to the performance of meta-analyses, the construction of decision rules, and other uses involving a broad array of cases. In this blog we summarize some key areas of opportunity. 

Read More

Measuring lots of little details: Non-Compartmental Analysis and the Early Phase Regulatory Environment.

June 28, 2018

 

By Esha Senchaudhuri

With thanks also to Jitendarreddy Seelam and Ramanatha Saralaya for their input.

The fact of the matter is that I now want to recall everything, every trifle, every little detail. I still want to collect my thoughts and - I can't, and now there are these little details, these little details...”
― Fyodor Dostoyevsky, The Meek One

Old Fyodor was hardly talking about clinical trials, but early phase trial sponsors can probably relate to a regulatory environment which requires systematic attention to details, the little details and all these little details. When conducting early phase studies, global regulators require submission of Non -Compartmental Analyses (NCAs) that measure factors such as extent and rate of exposure to a drug, without the complexity of strenuous assumptions or complex models. Through the use of rudimentary methods such as linear trapezoidal rules, NCAs make it relatively easy to measure the concentration of a drug in a body over time. They can capture length of exposure, and time of peak exposure, without the challenges of models that require independent validation [1]. While those other models are also becoming more common in quantitative pharmacometrics, ideally NCAs can complement these other methods.


It may be tempting to assume that due to the ease of measurement, it is unnecessary to invest in statistical expertise and reliable software for NCAs. While the calculations may not be as complex as other forms of pharmacometric modeling, taking shortcuts at this stage can prove problematic later on. 
Widely recognized for being ‘assumption-free’ [1] NCAs are a common subject of regulatory inquiries. Exposure and absorption data is obviously important for early phase trials, so NCAs are required for submission throughout the process. A strong data management system with reliable software can ensure that findings collected at this stage are streamlined across several early phase trials, making such information easy to access and ensuring a rapid response for regulators. Further, NCAs are often required to be submitted with early protocols making it useful to have statistical designers familiar with the NCA findings. As NCAs are an integral part of establishing an early phase audit trail, it is important to use NCA software that streamlines a detailed and complex workflow such as Phoenix WinNonlin. 


Accurate NCAs can combine with other forms of quantitative pharmacometric models like PK/PD analysis to build strong dose-response models for Phase 2. It is common knowledge that unreliable dose-response models in Phase 2 can create headaches for Phase 3 tests. Only 13.2% of Phase 3 trials that are accepted after initial rejection, are rejected on grounds of efficacy. More common reasons are dose selection, choice of endpoints, and other challenges that better Phase 2 modeling can prevent [2]. Working with statistical experts as early as Phase 1 can ensure that knowledge gleaned from NCAs can be employed to build stronger Phase 2 models, thus avoiding Phase 3 pitfalls.


Cytel has a dedicated team that has developed efficiencies and experience in early phase trials, including Non-Compartmental analyses. To learn more about our capabilities in this area, please click on the button below.

NCA
[1] Gabrielsson, J. and Weiner, D., 2012. Non-compartmental analysis. In Computational toxicology (pp. 377-389). Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
[2] Sacks, L.V., Shamsuddin, H.H., Yasinskaya, Y.I., Bouri, K., Lanthier, M.L. and Sherman, R.E., 2014. Scientific and regulatory reasons for delay and denial of FDA approval of initial applications for new drugs, 2000-2012. Jama, 311(4), pp.378-384.

 

Read More

The Importance of Standardization in Clinical Outsourcing

June 19, 2018

 

At the recent PCMG conference in Malta, Adrian Otte ( Independent Consultant, formerly VP Global Development Operations at Amgen) presented to delegates the strategic choices open to sponsors when  choosing an outsourcing model and the three fundamental issues in play: standardization, flexibility and cost. In Dr. Otte's view, standardization of systems and processes is key, but is often overlooked as a factor by companies of all sizes when deciding how to outsource clinical trial activities. In this blog, Dr Otte joins us to share his insights on this topic, as well as this views on how outsourcing has evolved in recent years, and the future trends that will have most impact. 

Read More

Addressing Critical Unmet Oncology Needs in the Era of Precision Medicine

May 23, 2018

 

 

Our Industry Voices series showcases our clients’ innovative work and breakthrough therapeutics in oncologic indications and other critical areas of medical unmet need.

In this article, we sit down with Charles Theuer, M.D., CEO of TRACON Pharmaceuticals to discuss
his work, his views on the key advancements in oncology development, the unmet needs yet to be overcome, and the importance of efficient trial design in rare cancers. Click here to download a .pdf of the article, or read on. 

Read More

Rewriting the oncology textbook with cell-based immunotherapies

May 16, 2018

 

Our Industry Voices series showcases our clients’ innovative work and breakthrough therapeutics in oncologic indications and other critical areas of medical unmet need.

In this article, we are delighted to share an interview with Kurt Gunter, M.D., Chief Medical Officer of Cell Medica in which he discusses his work, his views on the key advancements in oncology development, the unmet needs yet to be overcome, and the importance of strategic biostatistics input to his organization. Read on, or click here to download a copy of the article to read offline.

Read More

Innovative Oncology Trial Designs in Practice

May 9, 2018

As we prepare to head to ASCO in under a month's time, we are pleased to share a new ebook that showcases some key applications of innovative trial designs in the oncology development space.

Read More

Slides: East User Group Meeting and Trial Design Symposium

December 4, 2017


In 2011, Cytel organized its first East User Group Meeting (EUGM) in Paris. Since then, we have held an EUGM almost every year, alternating between locations in Europe and North America.  These meetings have been a great success, giving opportunities for customers and industry colleagues to meet each other as well as with key opinion leaders, whilst learning more about our East software and providing critical feedback. 

This year, the EUGM was held in Cambridge MA on the 25th and 26th of October. In this blog we are delighted to share the slides from some of the speakers' presentations. 

Read More