Sofia S. Villar is a member of the DART (Design and Analysis of Randomised Trials) group at the MRC Biostatistics Unit in Cambridge England. She has recently been awarded the first Biometrika post-doctoral research fellowship.
In the post below Villar offers her position on how challenges in rare disease drug development may be alleviated by Bayesian-Bandit adaptive designs. The "Multi-armed Bandit" is an agent who tries to acquire new knowledge while trying to capitalize on existing knowledge. Clinical studies can therefore utilize bandit designs to recruit patients whose primary goal in participating in a trial is to improve their health outcomes.